De oratie van M.D. Ozinga (1948), het ontstaan van de gotiek en het probleem van stijlperioden


  • Lex Bosman




In 1947 M.D. Ozinga was appointed at an art-historical institute of the university as the first professor of the history of architecture in The Netherlands. During his first years as a professor his previous work at the Dutch Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission provided him with material for research into the architecture of the Middle Ages. In the inaugural lecture delivered when he officially accepted the professorship in 1948, he tried to find the causes of changes in Medieval architecture, notably the rise of the Gothic style.

In foreign literature possible explanations had been suggested, but these could hardly satisfy him. Ozinga performed his research within the framework of the successive style periods, a classification model which has been criticized ever since, but has never been revised. He disagreed with Panofsky, who attributed a rather large role in the rise of the Gothic style to abbot Suger of Saint-Denis. Ozinga himself opted for a combination of various factors, all of them having contributed to the rise of the Gothic style, with a leading part played by the artist. The fact that in the Middle Ages there was no such thing as a conception of style yet did not induce Ozinga to come up with an essentially different outlook on this matter.

Biografie auteur

Lex Bosman

Dr. Lex Bosman studeerde kunstgeschiedenis in Utrecht, waar hij in 1990 promoveerde (De Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk in Maastricht. Bouwgeschiedenis en historische betekenis van de Oostpartij) en tegenwoordig werkt als universitair docent. Hij publiceerde in diverse tijdschriften voornamelijk over architectuur en architectuuriconologie van de middeleeuwen. Ook doet hij onderzoek naar Nederlandse koloniale architectuur in West-Indië (bijv. over Nieuw Amsterdam in Berbice (Guyana). De planning en bouw van een koloniale stad, 1764-1800, 1994).




Bosman, L. (1996). De oratie van M.D. Ozinga (1948), het ontstaan van de gotiek en het probleem van stijlperioden. Bulletin KNOB, 95(1), 1–11.